Unpacking the National Development Plan

first_img(Left to right) Minister in the Presidency Trevor Manuel, President Jacob Zuma, Deputy President Kgalema Motlanthe and NPC Deputy Chairperson Cyril Ramaphosa, with children.(Image: National Planning Commission) Trevor Manuel first presented the National Development Plan to Parliament in August 2012.(Image: British High Commission)MEDIA CONTACTS • Dumisa JeleChief of staffNational Planning Commission+27 12 300 5277 +27 82 908 4798RELATED ARTICLES• National development plan unveiled• Zuma: shared prosperity for all• No stopping Africa’s growth: Zuma• State of the Nation 2013Yvonne FontynThe National Development Plan (NDP), has taken the raw material that is South Africa as it emerges from decades of colonialism, apartheid and inequality, and mapped a way forward. By 2030, it says, we can have a country that we can all proudly call home. It is quite an arduous road to travel, however, and every resident is urged to participate.Origins of the planThe government concedes that though there has been significant progress made over the past 18 years, there is a need for a much faster pace, more action and better implementation of national goals.According to the National Planning Commission in the Presidency, the NDP was initiated to significantly reduce inequality in South Africa by 2030 “through uniting South Africans, unleashing the energies of its citizens, growing an inclusive economy, building capabilities and enhancing the capability of the state and leaders to work together to solve complex problems”.The NDP was formulated after extensive research and input from tens of thousands of South Africans.National Planning CommissionPresident Jacob Zuma appointed the commission in May 2010 to draft the NDP. An advisory body consisting of 26 people, the commission was drawn largely from outside the government, with members being selected for their expertise in key areas. It is chaired by Minister in the Presidency Trevor Manuel, while the ANC’s deputy president, Cyril Ramaphosa, is the deputy chairman.The commission’s Diagnostic Report, released in June 2011, set out South Africa’s achievements and shortcomings since 1994. It identified a failure to implement policies and an absence of broad partnerships as the main reasons for slow progress. And it set out nine primary challenges:Too few people work.The quality of school education for black people is poor.Infrastructure is poorly located, inadequate and under-maintained.Spatial divides hobble inclusive development.The economy is unsustainably resource intensive.The public health system cannot meet demand or sustain quality.Public services are uneven and often of poor quality.Corruption levels are high.South Africa remains a divided society.DemographicsThe commission had to take into account the demographics of South Africa, including:The birth rate, which is at 1% now and is dropping, and is predicted to stand at 0.5% by 2030.About 60% of the population live in urban areas; by 2030 it is predicted to be 70%.The effects of immigration, which will add 0.1% to 0.2% to the population by 2030.The effects of HIV and Aids, which has stabilised at 10% of the population being HIV-positive.To maximise the benefits of this “demographic dividend”, says the commission, the country requires better nutrition and health care, improved educational standards, increased access to further and higher education, easier entry into the labour market and greater labour mobility, which is the ability to move to where jobs are on offer. All of these factors need to be taken into account in national planning.The youthThe commission stipulated that the NDP should specifically embrace issues affecting the country’s youth, “as South Africa has a young population which is rapidly urbanising”. Young people bear the brunt of unemployment, it says, which is why it has adopted a “youth lens” in preparing its proposals, which include:A nutrition intervention for pregnant women and young children;Universal access to two years of early childhood development;Improve the school system, including increasing the number of students achieving above 50% in literacy and mathematics, increasing student retention rates to 90% and bolstering teacher training;Strengthen youth service programmes and introducing new, community-based programmes to offer young people life skills training, entrepreneurship training and opportunities to participate in community development programmes;Strengthen and expand the number of further education and training (FET) colleges to increase the participation rate to 25%;Increase the graduation rate of FET colleges to 75%;Provide full-funding assistance covering tuition, books, accommodation and living allowance to students from poor families;Develop community safety centres to prevent crime and include youth in these initiatives;A tax incentive to employers to reduce the initial cost of hiring young labour-market entrants;A subsidy to the placement sector to identify, prepare and place matric graduates into work, to be paid upon successful placement;Expand learnerships and make training vouchers directly available to job seekers;A formalised graduate recruitment scheme for the public service to attract highly skilled people; and,Expand the role of state-owned enterprises in training artisans and technical professionals.Global trendsThe commission noted that long-term shifts in global trade and investment were reshaping the world economy and international politics. Chief among these developments was the emergence of the rapidly growing economies of the Brics countries, and particularly China, India and Brazil, as well as the increased growth in Africa. Globalisation presented additional risk for emerging markets, while climate change was another factor affecting development in South Africa. The country stands to benefit significantly from regional co-operation.Goals of the NDPBy 2030:Eliminate income poverty – reduce the proportion of households with a monthly income of below R419 (US$42.2) a person (in 2009 prices) from 39% to 0%.Reduce inequality – the Gini coefficient should fall from 0.69 to 0.6.This will be achieved by:Increasing employment from 13-million in 2010 to 24-million in 2030;Raising per capita income from R50 000 ($5 000) in 2010 to R120 000 ($12 100) by 2030;Increasing the share of national income of the bottom 40% from 6% to 10%;Establishing a competitive base of infrastructure, human resources and regulatory frameworks;Ensuring that skilled, technical, professional and managerial posts better reflect the country’s racial, gender and disability makeup;Broadening ownership of assets to historically disadvantaged groups;Increasing the quality of education so that all children have at least two years of preschool education and all children in Grade 3 can read and write;Providing affordable access to quality health care while promoting health and well-being;Establishing effective, safe and affordable public transport;Producing sufficient energy to support industry at competitive prices, ensuring access for poor households, while reducing carbon emissions per unit of power by about one-third;Ensuring that all South Africans have access to clean running water in their homes;Making high-speed broadband internet universally available at competitive prices;Realising a food trade surplus, with one-third produced by small-scale farmers or households;Ensuring household food and nutrition security;Entrenching a social security system covering all working people, with social protection for the poor and other groups in need, such as children and people with disabilities;Realising a developmental, capable and ethical state that treats citizens with dignity;Ensuring that all people live safely, with an independent and fair criminal justice system;Broadening social cohesion and unity while redressing the inequities of the past; and,Playing a leading role in continental development, economic integration and human rights.Critical actions to be taken:A social compact to reduce poverty and inequality, and raise employment and investment;A strategy to address poverty and its effects by broadening access to employment, strengthening the social wage, improving public transport and raising rural incomes;Steps by the state to professionalise the public service, strengthen accountability, improve co-ordination and prosecute corruption;Boost private investment in labour-intensive areas, competitiveness and exports, with adjustments to lower the risk of hiring younger workers;An education accountability chain, with lines of responsibility from state to classroom;Phase in national health insurance, with a focus on upgrading public health facilities, producing more health professionals and reducing the relative cost of private health care;Public infrastructure investment at 10% of GDP, financed through tariffs, public-private partnerships, taxes and loans, and focused on transport, energy and water;Interventions to ensure environmental sustainability and resilience to future shocks;New spatial norms and standards – densifying cities, improving transport, locating jobs where people live, upgrading informal settlements and fixing housing market gaps; andReduce crime by strengthening criminal justice and improving community environments.An important focus of the NDP is to unite South Africans around a common programme that will enhance the Constitution’s vision of a united, prosperous, non-racial and non-sexist society. “Although progress has been made to improve the lives of women; discrimination, patriarchal attitudes and poor access to quality education persists. The plan deals with these factors holistically, recognising that key priorities such as education or rural development will have the biggest impact on poor women,” says the NDP document.In addition, citizens should be encouraged to be active in their own development. The document says that while the state “must actively support and incentivise citizen engagement”, citizens should:Actively seek opportunities for advancement, learning, experience and opportunity;Work together with others in the community to advance development, resolve problems and raise the concerns of the voiceless and marginalised; and,Hold the government, business and all leaders in society accountable for their actions.“The country we seek to build by 2030 is just, fair, prosperous and equitable,” says the NDP document. “Most of all, it is a country that each and every South African can proudly call home. It is up to all South Africans to play a role in fixing the future.”last_img read more

LIVE Draft Horse Shows — Wednesday, August 1st

first_imgShare Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest If you’re having issues with the live feed, please click this link to view it on the Ohio’s Country Journal/Ohio Ag Net Facebook Page.Wednesday’s show is split into two parts on the LIVE stream. Here is part one:last_img

Tips on Lighting Day for Night Interiors

first_imgDay for night interiors can be tough. However, with the right approach, you can sell the effect by controlling, shaping, and cutting out the daylight.Cover image via Indie Cinema Academy.Understand Your Light SourceWe always hear about day for night exteriors but hardly ever day for night interiors. The first thing to understand when lighting any type of night scene is your main light source — in this case, it’s the moon. You’ll also have many practical sources in the room. However, to give a little lift to the scene, you’ll still want to push some moonlight through a window.Many people think that the moon is a soft source because it is dim. However, the moon is actually a hard source and casts a hard shadow. You can see this illustrated in photos by David Mullen, ASC. He took these photos at night at a high ISO to demonstrate the light quality of moonlight.When lighting a night scene, interior or exterior, it’s always wise to rely on your harder light sources like your pars or spotted fresnels. Using these sources, you can easily imitate the quality of light of the moon and create those harsh shadows.Controlling the Ambient DaylightOnce you control the ambient daylight spilling into a room, it almost becomes a studio-like setting. You have complete control of the lighting in a room.When filming a day for night interior, ambient daylight spilling through the windows can be a problem. It’s wise to control it by knocking out all ambient light that’s spilling through windows, doorways, etc. You really want to get this room as dark as you possibly can. The best way to do this is to wrap a window using duvetyne or as many solid black flags as you have.If you’re going to push moonlight through a window, you can easily make a tent in that area with your duvetyne and allow room to place a light.The video below by Indie Cinema Academy is shot at night. However, once you flag off all ambient daylight, the same principles will apply.Also, be sure to avoid rooms with white walls. Once you start pushing in your moonlight, the white walls will behave like giant reflectors and start pushing your light in all sorts of directions. From that point, it will be difficult to sell the night effect.ExposureExposure is a key component when filming any night scene. To really sell the effect, it is wise to underexpose your subject by 2-3 stops. Creating this darkness for the subject will create an evening effect. In this situation, be sure to keep an eye on your shadows so they don’t fall into complete black. You’ll still want detail in there.Color TemperatureColor temperature plays a huge role in selling the effect of moonlight in a night scene. Moonlight is a very blue light source. This is much different than the 3200K practicals in most interiors, and this actually works out to your advantage. If you’re using an HMI light, which are roughly 5600K, you can achieve this moonlight effect by placing your HMI through a window and changing the white balance on your camera to 3200K. You can then use 1/2 CTO on the light to warm it up slightly but still maintain a blue color. This white balance will make the light blue, creating a moonlight effect. Then, if you have a practical source in the interior, like a lamp, you can keep a warm tungsten bulb in and base all of your interior lighting on a 3200K source.Have you shot any day for night interior scenes? Let us know in the comments.Looking for more information on day for night shooting? Check out these resources.Low-Budget Solutions for Shooting Nighttime Car Scenes5 Reasons Your Day For Night Footage Doesn’t Look RightCinematography Tip: Why ‘Day for Night’ Is a Horrible Idea7 Indie Filmmaking Tips for Shooting Day for Nightlast_img read more

Deepika, Rahul bag gold; bronze for Dola, Jayanta

first_imgTeen sensation Deepika Kumari and Rahul Banerjee won gold medals in individual recurve events on the last day of the competition to help India end their campaign in archery on a high note, even as their fellow mates fell short of expectations.Indian archers finished with three golds, one silver and four bronze medals.On the final day on Sunday at the Yamuna Sports Complex, besides two golds, India also bagged two bronze medals when senior pros Dola Banerjee and Jayanta Talukdar disappointed with third place finishes.Earlier in the morning session, India’s ‘baby’ archer Deepika made a giant leap to stardom thrashing Olympic bronze medallist Alison Wiliamson 6-0 for the women’s recurve individual gold medal.This was India’s second gold in archery after the women’s troika of Deepika, Dola and Bombayala Devi Laishram won the gold in the recurve team event.last_img read more

England tour: Injured Zaheer out of second Test

first_imgIn a huge blow to Team India’s chances, pace spearhead Zaheer Khan was on Thursday ruled out of the second Test at Nottingham. Zaheer, who missed most of the Lord’s Test, was yet to recover from the hamstring injury and would be cooling his heels at Nottingham. The left arm seamer could manage to bowl only 13 overs in the Lord’s debacle before pulling out due to an hamstring pull and the team management has decided against risking a far from fit Zaheer for the crucial second Test. Zaheer was India’s hero during the famous win at Trent Bridge, which helped India seal the Test series in 2007 and his absence is set to hurt India’s chances as they aim for a series levelling win. Kerala Express S. Sreesanth was likely to replace the injured Zaheer in India’s playing eleven for the 2nd test. Meanwhile, opener Gautam Gambhir was also doubtful for the second test following elbow injury at Lord’s. The final decision was likely to be taken on Friday morning, before the Test begins.last_img read more

Pastore talks up Inter move

first_imgTransfers Pastore talks up Inter move from PSG Harry Sherlock 06:43 1/28/18 FacebookTwitterRedditcopy Comments(0) Javier Pastore PSG Getty Images Transfers PSG PSG v Montpellier Montpellier Internazionale Ligue 1 Serie A The Argentina international admits that he needs regular playing time ahead of the World Cup, and is attracted to the Serie A giants Javier Pastore has admitted that he would be open to a move to Inter from PSG in January.Pastore came on as a substitute in PSG’s 4-0 win over Montpellier on Saturday, marking just his 15th appearance in Ligue 1 this season.The Argentina international revealed in November that he was considering his future in the French capital, and he is aware that he needs regular minutes if he is to make Argentina’s squad for this summer’s World Cup. Article continues below Editors’ Picks Lyon treble & England heartbreak: The full story behind Lucy Bronze’s dramatic 2019 Liverpool v Man City is now the league’s biggest rivalry and the bitterness is growing Megan Rapinoe: Born & brilliant in the U.S.A. A Liverpool legend in the making: Behind Virgil van Dijk’s remarkable rise to world’s best player “I don’t know what I’ll do yet, because the situation is very difficult,” Pastore told reporters on Saturday.“I am very happy in Paris, but I haven’t made any decisions yet. All I want is to play more regularly so I can go to the World Cup. Not being in the tournament because I stayed here and didn’t play would be very painful for my career.“I need to make a decision along with the club. I must do more to get into the World Cup squad, as I wasn’t called up by Argentina last time because I wasn’t playing. I have to play regularly to have a better chance.”Pastore admits that San Siro is an attractive destination, having previously played for Palermo in Serie A.“There is a lot of talk about Inter and if I were to leave, I’d like to go there, especially as I know Serie A and my wife is Italian,” he added.“Inter could be a solution, but I don’t know what will happen. It’s not an easy decision for me or the club. We’ll see over the next few days and try to reach an agreement.”last_img read more