Pam Grier burst onto the scene as a star of “blaxploitation” movies in the early 1970s. While drawing criticism for promoting racial stereotypes, the films were praised by some viewers as empowering for their depiction of strong African-American characters. In the eyes of Henry Louis Gates Jr., the Alphonse Fletcher Jr. University Professor, Grier was “the most powerful and impressive image of a black woman to emerge out of the blaxploitation era.” Grier is among the recipients of this year’s W.E.B. Du Bois Medals, to be presented by the Hutchins Center at Sanders Theatre Thursday at 4 p.m., as well as the subject of a current Harvard Film Archive retrospective. Gates, set to interview Grier prior to HFA screenings at 7 p.m. Friday and Saturday, spoke to the Gazette about her indelible screen presence.GAZETTE: To start, can you briefly define the blaxploitation genre?GATES: Blaxploitation was the name given to the first real flourishing of films about the black experience produced by black directors and white directors. So the black in the title was the subject of the film rather than the subjectivity of the director. It was a period in the late ’60s and early ’70s. It was the cinematic version of the Black Arts movement and the Black Arts movement was a cultural aspect of the Black Power movement, and it coincided with the birth of black studies starting in 1968, 1969. Really the blaxploitation era started then as well, more or less, and then went through the early ’70s, when interest petered out.It was the first renaissance of black films, when Hollywood seemed to be wide open to films about the black experience. But, as the name suggests, many of these films were quite sensational. Some of them, like “Blacula” — we are not talking about Fellini here. They were made for entertainment and often perpetuated unfortunate stereotypes about black people. But some were quite good. Melvin Van Peebles’ “Sweet Sweetback” is an example of a very powerful work of art among many others, and the works of Gordon Parks were superb.GAZETTE: How did Pam Grier fit into this world?GATES: Pam Grier became an icon of black female power, of black agency and black subjectivity. She always seemed in control of her part, in control of the characters that she was playing. No matter how they were scripted she took control of those images and became an important model of a thinking, proactive black woman. … She certainly is the most powerful and impressive image of a black woman to emerge out of the blaxploitation era.GAZETTE: How do you feel she balanced the objectification of her characters with the empowerment that she brought to her roles?GATES: I think that films in general at that time in the late ’60s and early ’70s represented women as objects and black people as objects in general. And what Pam Grier did, and Melvin Van Peebles in his way, was to turn that object relationship into a subject relationship. Pam Grier took control of her roles, no matter how they restricted, and I am not privy to the scripts, but if they were written by a male and meant to consciously or unconsciously objectify women, she took control of her performance and made it powerful, made it a statement about feminism and the tradition of black women being actors in history and being subjects in history and not merely objects. What I am trying to say is that she wrestled control often off of what would otherwise have been, in a lesser actor, an objectification, and made the part powerful, made it her own, made it something that we’re all proud of.“No matter how they were scripted she took control of those images and became an important model of a thinking, proactive black woman.” said Henry Louis Gates Jr. of Pam Grier (pictured). Credit: Canadian Film Centre from Toronto, Canada/Creative CommonsGAZETTE: How do you think this work resonates today?GATES: I can’t answer that because I haven’t watched these films with a group of young people. For me, when I see these films, I think about being an undergraduate at Yale watching them with other black students with our Afros all in each other’s ways.GAZETTE: Can you tell me a little more about what the experience of watching these films then was like for you?GATES: I graduated in the class of ’73 at Yale. We flocked to these movies — finally, to see images of ourselves. Images of black people in film and on television were so rare. When I was growing up in the ’50s and ’60s if someone appeared on TV, whether it was a minor character in a feature film in the late, late show or a guest on the Johnny Carson show or a person on a quiz show, everybody in the neighborhood would call each other: “Colored person on television!” “Where?” “Channel 5!” And everybody would go watch it and hope that they won the quiz show or comported themselves with great dignity. And likewise in movies, you never saw black people in movies. The old race films from the ’20s and ’30s made by people like Oscar Micheaux and Spencer Williams weren’t available or certainly weren’t readily available unless you had access to an archive like the Schomburg library in Harlem or the James Weldon Johnson Collection at Yale.Now you can get all of it online and YouTube and in box sets, but not then. All of a sudden there’s the Black Power movement, which starts in ’66, and then the Black Arts movement starts about the same time, and then the blaxploitation era, which included dozens and dozens of films, some of them generated by black people, which were really quite noble and powerful, and others like “Blacula” which seem laughably ridiculous.And we went to see them all. And we laughed. We were never confused about the difference between art and camp, between art and schlock. We thought “Blacula” was funny, but “Sweet Sweetback” we thought was the image of a powerful black man and a black man experiencing his subjectivity. And all of Pam Grier’s movies were examples of her transcending however the role was scripted. Whatever was intended, and we have no way of knowing that, the effect was riveting.GAZETTE: Do you remember what it felt like to see this powerful woman up on the screen, an African-American woman in an action figure role?GATES: It was mind-blowing, to put it in the vernacular. To see a black female action figure, I’d never even imagined it. It’s a bit like seeing Shirley Chisholm run for president. Pam Grier was breaking the role, defying the stereotypes, registering a new realm of possibility. And everyone respected her. No one thought you were looking at a prostitute in “Foxy Brown.” We thought you were looking at a woman who was brilliantly planning revenge for the murder of her husband. These films weren’t anthropological studies of African-Americans; this was Hollywood. But within those confines she showed a great deal of control over the image that was projected and that’s what we admired then and that’s what we admire now. She became a hero to us, in addition to being a goddess of beauty.GAZETTE: What’s your favorite Pam Grier film?GATES: “Foxy Brown,” without a doubt. It delights me to no end that Harvard University is honoring a pioneer of black cinema and a person who played a historical role in showing the range of possibilities for black female characters, strong black female characters, defying the maid and the mammy stereotypes. No one would confuse Foxy Brown with Mammy in “Gone With the Wind,” or “Julia,” with all due respect, who was a middle-class, very articulate nurse, but Foxy Brown had agency, big time.SaveSaveSaveSave
The Saint Mary’s community brought to life the story of the College’s illustrious visionary, poet, scholar and third president Sister M. Madeleva Wolff, in an original play titled “Madeleva: A Play in Several Voices” on Thursday evening.Communication studies lecturer Susan Baxter wrote the play using alumnae memories as well as essays and dramatic monologues by students.Since 2014 marks the 50th anniversary of Madeleva’s death, the play was a highly anticipated event for the entire Saint Mary’s community.The play was part of the annual spring lecture series hosted by the Center for Spirituality (CFS). This year’s series is focused on the lives and leadership of religious women, director of media relations Gwen O’Brien said.Wolff was the president of the College from 1934-1961. According to a College press release, during her tenure, Wolff put her talents and efforts to use in leading Saint Mary’s to become nationally recognized as a premier liberal arts college. At the time of her death, one journalist described her as “the most renowned nun in the world,” O’Brien said.Elizabeth Groppe, director of CFS beginning this academic year, carried forward plans for the lecture series and solicited the help of two faculty members in the creation of a play celebrating the life of Sister Madeleva, O’Brien said.In the fall of 2013, students in professor of English Laura Haigwood’s writing proficiency course, along with students Baxter’s playwriting course, wrote research essays and extended monologues about Wolff, O’Brien said.“Sister M. Madeleva Wolff was a complex, flawed and brilliant individual,” Baxter said. “What we came to appreciate as we worked on this play, however, is that she was less extraordinary than — and more exemplary of — the beautiful Holy Cross Order that created her. With all our hearts, we believe she would concur.”Groppe said she was grateful to Haigwood and Baxter for their tremendous work and long hours put into the composition and production.“The play … will bring Sister Madeleva to life for a new generation of young women, for whom she is a model of a woman of prayer who surmounted many challenges to become a distinguished scholar, poet, educator, and leader in both Catholic higher education and the life of religious communities of women,” she said.The cast was comprised of students and faculty, with sophomore Kaitlyn Baker starring as Wolff from age 5-17, alumna Eva Cavadini ’12 as Wolff from age 18-60 and Baxter as Wolff at age 70, Baxter said.Baxter said the play is a work in progress, which she hopes will include even more stories of Wolff’s life in the future.Tags: Center for Spirituality, Madeleva Wolff, Saint Mary’s College
16SHARESShareShareSharePrintMailGooglePinterestDiggRedditStumbleuponDeliciousBufferTumblr Does your CU’s social media presence need a boost? Are you running out of creative ideas for posts? Here are 6 social media ideas your Credit Union marketing department can use right now.1) Host a Photo ContestIf your members are pet owners, then a pet photo contest is just up their alley! We have successfully run numerous contests for our clients over the years, but the one contest that proves to drive the most engagement is a pet photo contest.Simply post the rules on your Facebook and/or Instagram page(s) and offer prizes for the top 3 entries. Then get ready for the entries to flood in! Make sure you have a good tracking system in place and enough staff to administer the contest. We recommend having 1-2 staff run the contest and an odd number of “judges” to select the winners.Here is an example of a post for a fall pet photo contest. We recommend branding your pet photo contest image and including a call-to-action too (i.e. Enter your pet’s photo for a chance to win!). The description for your post can provide the contest rules, timeline, and how the winners will be identified. continue reading »
The 2018 CUNA Governmental Affairs Conference kicks off today as more than 5200 credit union advocates are expected in Washington D.C. this week.CUNA President Jim Nussle will kick things off this morning, in an address available on Facebook Live. Afterwards, CUNA members will be provided with a special guest keynote from President George W. Bush.President Bush’s two terms started on January 20, 2001, after serving six years as Governor of Texas.Since leaving office, President Bush has developed the George W. Bush Institute, “which seeks to improve the human condition, and its work is based on the principles that have guided President Bush throughout his life: freedom is universal; each human life is precious; to whom much is given, much is required; and the marketplace is the best way to allocate resources.”The GAC Exhibit Hall will be open before and after President Bush’s address today, allowing attendees to engage and network with hundreds of providers, as well as giving them the chance to learn about the latest products and services available to credit unions.In the afternoon, 6 Breakout Sessions will be available, covering topics ranging from payments security and blockchain to the first of a two-part advocacy training session led by Congressional staff and experts with the Congressional Management Foundation.Yesterday, Gian Paul Gonzalez, an international motivational speaker, educator, Union City Board of Education Founder and Executive Director of Hope + Future Foundation and Community Center, kicked off the Sunday General Session by delivering the ED (Filene) Talk.Known for inspiring the New York Giants to their Super Bowl victory in 2011 with the phrase ‘All In,” Gonzalez inspired and challenged credit union employees to figure out what “All-In” means for them and reminded us all that “at the end of the day, it’s not about numbers, it’s about people.”Check back throughout the day for updates from Monday at #CUNAGAC!::First-time GAC attendees look to make an impactGAC crashers look forward to record-breaking conference2018 GAC underway in D.C. 11SHARESShareShareSharePrintMailGooglePinterestDiggRedditStumbleuponDeliciousBufferTumblr,John Pettit John Pettit is the Managing Editor for CUInsight.com. John manages the content on the site, including current news, editorial, press releases, jobs and events. He keeps the credit union … Web: www.cuinsight.com Details
Topics : Similar inequalities were also fuelling the widespread protests over the police killing in Minneapolis last week of Floyd, an unarmed black man.”In the United States, protests triggered by the killing of George Floyd are highlighting not only police violence against people of color, but also inequalities in health, education, employment and endemic racial discrimination,” Bachelet said.Floyd was killed when a white police officer knelt on his neck, and video images of his killing have sparked demonstrations in hundreds of US cities against police brutality and racism.It has been the most widespread unrest in the United States since 1968, when cities went up in flames over the slaying of civil rights leader Martin Luther King Jr. ‘Urgent steps needed'”The appalling impact of COVID-19 on racial and ethnic minorities is much discussed, but what is less clear is how much is being done to address it,” Bachelet said.”Urgent steps need to be taken by states, such as prioritizing health monitoring and testing, increasing access to healthcare, and providing targeted information for these communities.”She said the disparities likely resulted from a range of factors linked to marginalization, discrimination and access to healthcare, along with economic inequalities, overcrowded housing and environmental risks.People from racial and ethnic minorities are also more likely to have jobs that require them to leave their home, like the transport, health and cleaning sectors, raising the risk of infection. “It is a tragedy that it took COVID-19 to expose what should have been obvious — that unequal access to healthcare, overcrowded housing and pervasive discrimination make our societies less stable, secure and prosperous,” Bachelet said.She stressed that such factors were likely playing a devastating role in many countries, but lamented that a vast majority of states do not disaggregate data by ethnicity, making it difficult to get to the root of the problem.”Collection, disaggregation and analysis of data by ethnicity or race, as well as gender, are essential to identify and address inequalities and structural discrimination that contribute to poor health outcomes, including for COVID-19.”The fight against this pandemic cannot be won if governments refuse to acknowledge the blatant inequalities that the virus is bringing to the fore,” Bachelet warned. Bachelet meanwhile stressed that entrenched racial discrimination is taking a heavy health toll during the pandemic, which has killed more than 375,000 people out of nearly 6.3 million infected worldwide.In the United States, which is the worst-hit country with over 105,000 deaths, she noted that the virus death rate for African Americans is reported to be more than double that of other racial groups.Her statement also highlighted the situation in Britain, where government data for England and Wales shows a death rate for blacks, ethnic Pakistanis and Bangladeshis that is nearly double that of whites. And she pointed to Brazil, where people of color in Sao Paulo are 62 percent more likely to die from the virus than whites, and in France’s heavily minority-inhabited Seine Saint-Denis suburb of Paris, which has reported higher excess mortality figures than other areas. The coronavirus pandemic’s disproportionate impact on ethnic minorities, and protests triggered by George Floyd’s death, have laid bare “endemic inequalities” in the United States, the UN rights chief said Tuesday, urging action.Michelle Bachelet, the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights, warned that the COVID-19 crisis has had a worse impact on racial and ethnic minorities in the United States and a range of other countries.”This virus is exposing endemic inequalities that have too long been ignored,” she said in a statement.
Small and medium enterprises (SME), which contribute to more than half of the country’s gross domestic product (GDP), have been greatly affected by the pandemic, as Indonesia’s economic growth slowed to 2.97 percent in the first quarter of 2020.Finance Minister Sri Mulyani recently stated that the government was working on a plan to transfer working capital directly to MSMEs that have yet to receive access to financing from banks.It has also disbursed credit insurance premiums worth Rp 5 trillion to state-owned credit insurers PT Jaminan Kredit Indonesia (Jamkrindo) and PT Asuransi Kredit Indonesia (Askrindo) to guarantee working capital loans of Rp 100 trillion and help MSMEs survive the pandemic.The scheme will provide guarantees for banks that channel loans to MSMEs until November 2021, as well as cover loans with a ceiling of Rp 10 billion and a tenor of three years available for 60.6 million MSMEs from all business sectors.State-owned Bank Mandiri, which received Rp 10 trillion in funds from the government to boost loan disbursement, is planning to increase its financing threefold in the next three months, according to Donsuwan Simatupang, the bank’s director of institutional relations.The bank has channeled Rp 12 trillion in financing as of July 17, of which 25 percent went to 14,500 small businesses, Donsuwan said.The bank utilizes a mobile app called Mandiri Pintar to facilitate small businesses wanting to apply for new productive microloans or top up their current productive loans.“This loan mobile app on Android is very practical because the application process can take place anywhere and anytime.”Tempeh seller Rasjeni, who has been selling the soy product for three decades in Depok, West Java, recently received Rp 150 million from Bank Mandiri’s KUR program.She previously received an Rp 85 million loan from the program but had to apply for an additional loan to survive her business’s 50 percent decline in revenue as the pandemic has forced her customers, such as food stalls and vegetable traders, to temporarily close.“Almost all of them were closed,” said Rasjeni. “But thank God, my business has recovered and now I have four employees.” “We acknowledge the slow progress,” the ministry’s secretary Rully Indrawan said in a statement on Tuesday. “We are still trying to identify the obstacles. The program’s introduction to the public has not been going very well.”According to ministry data, most of the stimulus was disbursed through state-owned banks in the form of debt restructuring funds, Rp 381.4 billion went to investment funds for 34 cooperatives through the Revolving Fund Management Agency (LPDB), while the remaining was used for interest subsidies for MSMEs via the microcredit program (KUR).He added that the government aimed to disburse all the funds by September, expecting to accelerate spending with the issuance of the Finance Ministry’s budget execution lists (DIPA).The government has been working to accelerate the disbursement of COVID-19 response stimulus funds, totaling Rp 695.2 trillion, to cushion the economic impacts of the pandemic, after President Joko “Jokowi” Widodo criticized its slow progress. Topics : The government has channeled Rp 11.84 trillion (US$809.1 million) from the COVID-19 stimulus package to small businesses and cooperatives as of Tuesday but conceded that it had been slow in disbursing the funds.More than 1 million micro, small and medium enterprises (MSME) and cooperatives will receive the stimulus, Cooperatives and Small and Medium Enterprises Ministry data showed.The disbursement is part of the government’s national economic recovery (PEN) program, which will allocate Rp 123.46 trillion to aid small businesses and cooperatives amid the ongoing health crisis. Tuesday’s figure made up only 9.59 percent of the total budget.
Sean and Mary McGuinness on the Freshwater/Stratford connection cycle paths PICTURE: ANNA ROGERSSIX kilometres from the city lies perhaps Cairns’ most prolific pocket of beautifully maintained Queenslander-style homes.Stratford is small a suburb and lies between Freshwater and Aeroglen on the northern side of Mt Whitfield, but its median house prices are among Cairns’ highest at more than $500,000.Whether residents choose a home on the flat across from acres of cane fields and stunning mountain vistas, or head up the hill a bit to catch cool breezes and view to the ocean, a quiet, neighbourly community is guaranteed.While most housing stock are detached houses, the region also offers townhouse and apartment living.The local shopping strip is home to a butcher, medical centre, newsagent, gift shops and cafes, as well as Thai and pizza takeaway businesses.Stratford is also home to one of Cairns Regional Council’s excellent libraries and its meeting spaces are a hive of activity.Jalarra Park on Alamein St is a popular destination for family picnics and barbecues.Jalarra is the Aboriginal name for the satinwood tree, the fruit of which was an important food source during the wet season. More from newsCairns home ticks popular internet search terms2 days agoTen auction results from ‘active’ weekend in Cairns2 days agoThe land at Jalarra Park was part of Lily Bank Farm where bananas, pineapples, sugarcane and oranges were grown.In 1926 this block was set aside as school reserve but the school was never built and in 1993 the State Government gave the land to Mulgrave Shire Council for use as a recreation reserve.According to Cairns Regional Council, the suburb was named after Harry Stratford, one of the first Australian troops to land on the shores of Gallipoli in World War I.More than 1000 people live at Stratford and more than 70 per cent of households are family units.In 2009 the Stratford Heritage Trail was opened as part of Queensland’s 150th anniversary celebrations.The trail features 29 sites of historical importance, including Mrs Clacherty’s Post Office, Boyd’s Dance Hall and Picture Theatre and Lilybank House.A lengthy and connected bikeway running the length of Stratford makes it a safe and scenic spot for cyclists, both serious and recreational.The proximity to the airport also makes this suburb popular with business people or regular travellers.
On Wednesday, Forbes ran a story titled “The American Sports Fan at Ten,” in which Henry, a 10-year-old sports fanatic, talks about how his experience following sports.It got me thinking back to my childhood, how I fell in love with sports and how much the sports landscape has changed since I was in grade school.I have a theory that our prime sports-watching years are between the ages of 10 and 15, from the time when we gain a general grasp of the world and are introduced to the big domain of sports to around the period where we have to “grow up” and focus on our future. This is the time frame between being a kid and a “mature teen” or adult in which it’s perfectly fine to be naïve and stubborn.Growing up in the Bay Area, none of my sports teams were very good. Thus, many of my prime sports-watching years were spent rooting for teams that never made the playoffs — or, in the case of the Sharks, always made the playoffs but choked every year. I caught the tail end of the Barry Bonds era with the Giants, but that team was stuck in his shadow and far removed from the World Series juggernaut they are today. The Raiders drafted JaMarcus Russell — widely considered the biggest bust in NFL history — and the 49ers were in the midst of nine straight years without a playoff appearance. The A’s were in a six-year drought themselves, and I would have laughed if you told me as a kid that the Warriors would one day be mentioned in the same breath as the 1995-1996 Chicago Bulls.Thus, my threshold for success as a sports fan was very low. I thought championships were reserved for the teams I always saw leading off SportsCenter like the Lakers, Yankees and Patriots. The greatest success I experienced as a sports fan up until the age of 10 was when the Warriors upset the top-seeded Mavericks in the first round of playoffs in 2007 — before promptly falling in the second round and following it up with five miserable seasons.And yet, I kept watching, irrationally consumed by the local sports scene — the living room remote might as well have been stuck on the 4-5 cable sports networks.Nowadays, I am not as devout a sports follower. Obviously, being a sports editor at the Daily Trojan means sports is still a big part of my life, and I still keep up with my teams, but I don’t live or die with every game as I used to. Perhaps it’s because I have less time or because I’ve realized that the world doesn’t revolve around sports, that there are issues and topics in society that are far more important.There’s also a feeling of nostalgia of the way I followed sports as a naïve 10-year-old. Growing up before the dawn of social media, my news came from refreshing the Yahoo! Sports team sites. High-definition was considered an expensive luxury, and when I wanted to record games, I used something called a VCR cassette.Today, up-to-the-second news updates are available on Twitter. Scores are refreshed automatically on apps. Can’t make it home to watch the game? No worries—- — just use your smartphone to watch it live anywhere, anytime. Kids these days have it made.In a similar sense, I feel a strange connection to the players I grew up watching, no matter how bad they were or how good they would become. Case in point: I remember Stephen Curry more for his first few seasons — when he struggling sharing the ball with Monta Ellis, was benched in favor of Acie Law in crunch time by Keith Smart and suffered ankle injury after ankle injury that put his career in jeopardy — than the superstar, revolutionary player he is today.Believe me, I’m enjoying this Warriors’ historic run as much as anyone else, but for whatever reason, my main sports recollections stem from my early teenage years. The Warriors could win the next five championships and I would still be drawn more to those horrendous teams of the mid-2000s.This is what happens when an “American Sports Fan at Ten” falls in love with the wrong teams at the wrong time. So, I would urge any 10-year-old kid out there reading this to start rooting for the Warriors. Or the Giants — after all, it is an even year.Eric He is a freshman majoring in print and digital journalism. He is also the sports editor of the Daily Trojan. His column, “Grinding Gears,” runs Fridays.
Liam Kearns’ side face Kerry in Group A of the McGrath Cup.The Kingdom will field their U21 side in Tralee.Tipp’s boss says they’ll provide a good test for his players. Tipp FM will bring you regular updates on the action at Austin Stack Park, which gets underway at 2 o’clock.Today’s other McGrath Cup clash is between Clare and Waterford.The Group B encounter in Meelick also begins at 2.